ABSTRACT FOR “III SYMPOSIUM OF SAHN: THE HISTORIOGRAPHY OF SWEDISH ARCHITECTURE.”
Architects go to the North. The Italian contribution to the Historiography of Swedish contemporary architecture.
In 1934, the architect and critic Edoardo Persico wrote in the pages of “La Casa Bella” that “Nordic countries… especially with the work of Aalto and Markelius, are today among the most alive centres of the new trend…”. The International interest to Swedish architecture as a consequence of the 1930’s Stockholm exhibition filled the pages of many architectural magazines of the time.
Italy played a relevant role in the close investigation of the new architectural scene in Sweden already from the beginning of the century, as Vittorio Pica wrote on Ferdinand Boberg in “Emporium” in april 1906 and on La moderna arte decorative in Svezia in “Emporium” in june 1910.
The present paper aimes to reconsider the image of Swedish architecture and town planning through the eyes and the words of the mai Italian architects and critics, as MarcelloPiacentini, Giuseppe Pagano, Ivo Pannaggi, Saverio Muratori and Gio Ponti among others. The interest to Sweden has grown during the XX century reaching a peak in the second postwar to follow the new housing policy in Stockholm who provided a direct inspiration for the Ina–‐Casa housing program in Italy.
Stefano Ray, professor of History of architecture at La Sapienza in Rome, is the author of pioneering works as L’architettura moderna nei paesi scandinavi (Cappelli, Bologna, 1965) and Il contributo svedese all’architettura contemporanea e l’opera di Sven Markelius (Officina, Roma, 1969), Sven Markelius. 1889-1972 (Officina, Roma 1989). He underlined the central role of Sven Markelius in the Swedish scene from the mid–‐1920s until the 1940s and 1950s when he was responsible for the new planning stage of Stockholm.
Antonello Alici. Architect, Ph.D. and researcher in History of Architecture, is senior teacher at Università Politecnica delle Marche, Faculty of Engineering in Ancona.
His main research interests are on Architecture and city of XIX and XX C. in Nordic and Baltic countries, Italian architecture between the two wars, Architecture and cities on the Adriatic coast, Archives and Museums of Architecture. In 2009-‐2011 he has been the scientific responsible of a research project on Social Housing in the second postwar in Sweden and Italy in cooperation with the School of Architecture ofKTH of Stockholm, supported by Cooperlink program of Italian Ministry of University. From 2009 to 2012 he promoted with prof. Johan Mårtelius from KTH several seminars in Italy and Sweden on the mutual cultural relations between the two countries.
A.Alici, Words from the North, in “Nordic Journal of Architecture, no. 3, vol. 2, winter 2012, pp. 148-‐149;
A.Alici, Alvar Aalto. Il viaggio in Italia nella tradizione degli architetti finlandesi, in A Roma/da Roma. Il viaggio di studio degli architetti: 1900/1950, El viale de estudio de los arquitectos: 1900/1950, a curadi M.Diez Ibargoitia, C Garcia Fernàndez, Madrid 2012, pp. 98-‐111; A.Alici, Gli archivi degli architetti per una storia dell’architettura contemporanea delle Marche, in L’architettura negli archivi. Guida agli archivi di architettura nelle Marche, a cura di A.Alici, M. Tosti Croce, Roma, 2011, pp. 29-‐37;
A.Alici, Contemporary Architecture. Finland, Milano, 2010.
Saverio Sturm. (Padova, 1965) is a teaching fellow in History of Architecture at the faculty of Roma Tre University. Graduated in architecture in Rome, he received his Phd in History of Architecture and Urbanism at University of Florence in 2001, when he studied the topic of the architecture of Discalced Carmelites in the Baroque age, that was later organized in three volumes published in 2002 (L’Eremo di Montevirginio e la tipologia del Santo Deserto, awarded in 2005 the 9th Prize De Angelis d’Ossat for young scholars in History of Architecture) in 2006, and in 2012.
He participated in numerous academic research on the relationship between context, patronage and architectural design in the Italian and European Baroque, on urban history of Rome, on systems of green and villas in Italy (PRIN 2007-‐2008 coordinated by prof. Marcello Fagiolo from University “La Sapienza” of Rome), developing studies, essays, reports in national and international conferences (last ones at the “Annual Meeting of The Renaissance Society of America” in Montreal, March 24-‐26, 2011; and at the International seminar “Architects’ travels. Swedish-‐Italian connections in the tradition of the Grand Tour (1830-‐1950)”, Stockholm, October 11th, 2012, Istituto Italiano di Cultura ‘CM Lerici’). Since 2006 he has conducted research on the European theater culture and relations between Italy, France, Sweden and the Habsburg Empire, in cooperation with museums and academic insitutions from these countries. In particular, in 2009-‐2010 he chaired a departmental research funds from DIPSA, University of Roma Tre, on the topic “Anonymous Eighteenth century French-Italian set drawings in Swedish public
He collaborated in preparation of exibition, including “Papa Albani e le arti a Urbino e a Roma. 1700-‐1721” (Urbino-‐Roma 2001–2002), “Roma Barocca. Bernini, Borromini, Pietro da Cortona” (Roma 2006), “I 100 anni della scuola dell’arte della Medaglia” (Roma 2007); Giuseppe Piermarini tra Roma, Napoli e Foligno (Foligno 2010).
Latest publications: S. STURM, La Roma di Clemente XIII, in M. Fagiolo, M. Tabarrini (a c. di), Giuseppe Piermarini tra barocco e neoclassico. Roma Napoli Caserta Foligno, Catalogo della Mostra (Foligno, Palazzo Trinci, 5 giugno-‐2 ottobre 2010), Perugia 2010, pp. 99-‐111; S. STURM, Liturgia e architettura nel Carmelo riformato. Archetipi, miti, modelli, “Revue d’Historie Ecclésiastique”, vol. 106, Louvain 2011, n. 1, pp. 61-‐96; S. STURM, Terni, in L. MARCUCCI, M. VILLANI (a c. di), Atlante del Barocco in Italia. Umbria, Roma 2012, pp. 433-‐461; S. STURM, Architettura e significato del
santuario della Madonna del Sorbo, in L. MAZZOTTI, M. SCIARRA (a c. di), La Madonna del Sorbo. Arte e storia di un Santuario della Campagna Romana, Roma 2012, pp. 168-‐201; S. STURM, L’architettura dei Carmelitani Scalzi in età barocca. La Provincia Romana’: Lazio, Umbria e Marche (1597-‐1705), Roma 2012.
Giovanni Bellucci, Master in Construction Engineering-‐Architecture at Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, 2007, with a diploma work on the Italian Institute of Culture in Stockholm. Ph.D. in History of Architecture at Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, 2012, with a research on the engineer-‐architect Gaetano Minnucci.
Since 2010 he cooperates to the courses of History of Architecture 1 and 2 given by prof. Antonello Alici at the Faculty of Engineering in Ancona, with lectures and readings. He has participated in several conferences and has published essays on the architecture of the twentieth century, with particular reference to the figures of Gio Ponti and Pier Luigi Nervi.